Reptiles

Reptiles

Reptiles are less dependent on water than amphibians. Their bodies are covered with scales or plates that reduce water loss. Even the reptilian egg is protected by a water-proof, leathery shell. They possess clawed toes (when feet are present) and young that appear as miniatures of the adults. Like amphibians, reptiles are unable to internally regulate body temperature. However the lack of moisture is not as critical because a reptile’s scales are effective in preventing excess water loss.

green anole Reptiles

Green Anole
These insect and small spider eating lizards can grow up to 8 inches. Found in shrubs, vines, and high in trees, they can change color from vivid green to dark brown. They shed their skins several times a year, and usually eat the shed. Males are combative, displaying their extended dewlaps in confrontations.

fivelinedskink Reptiles

Five-lined Skink
This dark brown creature is named for its five light-colored stripes from head to tail. These stripes fade with age, and in some adult males, they are not visible. They live in humid environments with plenty of decaying wood, leaf litter, gardens and compost heaps and eats insects, spiders, earthworms, crawfish, other lizards, and small mice.

GroundSkink Reptiles

Ground Skink
With a dark brown, smooth, and glossy appearance, these skinks eat insects, spiders, earthworms, and other small invertebrates. These diurnal creatures live in wooded areas with abundant leaf litter and can grow up to 5 inches long.

RedEaredSlider Reptiles

Red-eared Slider
These turtles get their name from the conspicuous red stripe behind the eye on young specimens, and their habit of sliding into the water when disturbed. They are basking turtles commonly occupying logs or sunny banks along ponds and streams. Sliders are primarily vegetarians, but they will eat worms, crayfish, insects or fish.

BoxTurtle Reptiles

Box Turtle
These good natured, mild mannered, long-lived turtles live on land, but need shallow fresh water for soaking, wading, and drinking. They are olive tan to black and feed on some fruits, berries, and vegetables, but mostly slugs, snails, crickets, cockroaches, earthworms, insects, and insect larvae.

ribbonsnake Reptiles

Ribbon Snake
This non-venomous slender snake has three bright yellow stripes alternating with dark brown down the length of its body, which can grow up to three feet long. These nervous and fast moving snakes are commonly found near water eating salamanders, frogs, tadpoles, insects, and earthworms.

broadbandedwatersnake Reptiles

Broad-banded Water Snake
This non-venomous snake (also known as the Southern Water Snake) appears dark brown to almost black with narrow yellow-orange bands. It is common around ponds and flooded areas where it can be seen basking on longs, branches, or shrubs. The diet of the Broad-banded Water Snake consists of crayfish, fish, frogs and salamanders. A moderately stout snake, it ranges from 20 to 30 inches in length.

Copperhead2 Reptiles

Copperhead
This venomous (but not aggressive) snake can be found in woods, fields, and swamps where its color patterns blend into the background perfectly. Up to 40 inches long, they are non-active and prefer to be left alone. They eat frogs, snakes, mice and some insects.

Csnake Reptiles

Coral Snake
This reptile is the most venomous snake in North America (it is a member of the same family as the cobras, mambas, and sea snakes). Fortunately, coral snakes are typically shy animals that hunt at twilight and dusk and will often seek shelter under logs if happen upon by a human. They dine on snakes, lizards, and frogs. They have red, yellow and black rings, with the yellow rings narrower than the red and black and the yellow and red bands touching. They can grow up to three feet long.

Other Snakes include:

  • Eastern Yellowbelly Racer (non-venomous)
  • Texas Rat Snake (non-venomous)
  • Eastern Hognose Snake (non-venomous)
  • Yellowbelly Water Snake (non-venomous)
  • Blotched Water Snake (non-venomous)
  • Diamondback Water Snake (non-venomous)
  • Texas Brown Snake (non-venomous)
  • Rough Earth Snake (non-venomous)
  • Rough Green Snake (non-venomous)

Other Turtles include:

  • Common Snapping Turtle
  • Spiny Softshell Turtle
  • Common Musk Turtle
  • Missisippi Mud Turtle
  • Eastern River Cooter